In reference to the recent unfortunate events regarding basketball player Lamar Odom, I have heard many inconsistent reports, from declarations that he is “brain dead” to reports that he woke up and spoke. This got me to thinking about how brain death, death, cardiac arrest, and altered levels of consciousness are often inaccurately portrayed in the media, and I wanted to clarify a few misconceptions
First of all, when someone is brain dead, they are, for all intents and purposes, dead. Death is defined as brain death and/or cardiopulmonary death. If Odom were brain dead, he could not wake up. If he really woke up, he was never brain dead. Brain death = legal and biological death. Brain death means that the person has no function in their cortex (upper brain, which produces consciousness) OR in their brainstem (the “rudimentary” brain, so to speak, which controls functions such as breathing). When someone is brain dead, their entire brain is permanently functionally damaged and can never return to a functioning state in any way.